Many French people reside abroad and, when the question of divorce arises, it is necessary to determine where to divorce, under which law and, as far as French law is concerned. What specific rules apply to time limits? Is it possible to divorce without moving, how to enforce the divorce decision.... The answers to these questions differ depending on whether or not the spouses live in a European Union national country.
Regulation 1347/2000 of 29 May 2000 (entered into force on 1 March 2001 in all EU Member States except Denmark) determines the jurisdiction of courts in divorce matters for residents or nationals of the EEC.
According to this text, the French judge is competent when :
This list is restrictive : except in these cases, the French judge is not competent.